Perennials are flowering plants that typically bloom for a short period, maintain their leaves from Spring-Winter, and then return each year. To enable them to live so long, perennials spend the first year of their lives developing and strengthening their root systems. Aided by strong roots, years two through five are often filled with blooms.
After five years the root systems will be so large, digging them back up and dividing the root system becomes necessary for their ability to thrive. Luckily that typically results in two healthy, happy plants for each one originally planted.
Perennials vs. Annuals
Short Bloom Time
Lives 3 to 5 Years
Deep Root System
Blooms Throughout it’s Life
Lives for 1 Year
Shallow Root System
Sold in Multi-Packs
Healthy Perennials Will Root For You
A thriving, healthy root system is the single most important factor for perennials.
Their deep root system enables them to tap into more water sources.
The roots secure them to the ground, protecting them from harsh wind storms.
In fact, the roots play such an important role that during the winter months, when the plants are often cut down to the ground, the roots of perennials continue to grow.
Adding organic material to the soil will help ensure strong roots. A product such as Azomite, a naturally mined, volcanic material that has over 66 minerals and trace elements that are important for plant nutrition and growth, is ideal.
Know Your Soil Type
Soil types are about as diverse as ice cream flavors. Just as each person has their favorite ice cream, perennials have particular soil types they enjoy above all others. It’s much wiser to discover what type of soil you already have and then find perennials that will thrive in it rather than add fertilizer and other non organic material in hopes of changing your soil to make your perennial happy.
Those who are natural chocolate lovers might eventually eat a bowl of vanilla ice cream covered in chocolate sauce, but will would surely
enjoy a bowl of pure chocolate ice cream even more.
Examine The Root System
Carefully turn the container upside down and allow gravity to assist a light tap, releasing the perennial from its container.
At long last the roots, the key component to a healthy plant, are now visible.
Ideally the roots still have ample room to grow. Slightly moist soil should be easily visible.
If the plant has been in its container for too long the roots will begin to wrap around each other, seeking the space they need.
In this case simply use garden sheers or a sharp knife to cut along the roots. This will encourage the plant to send out new roots, enabling it to better recover from being in the container for so long.
Dig A (Large Enough) Hole
The size of the container is a handy gauge to estimate the size of the hole your perennial will need to thrive, but it’s merely a gauge. The preciseness of the hole size is key. If the hole is too small, the roots will wrap around each other. If the hole is too large, the beneficial insects in the soil will be moved and reluctant to immediately return
Rather than estimating by sight, dig into the ground, remove any weeds, then place the clean soil in the empty container. When the container is full, your digging is complete.
Place The Perennial in the Hole Emphasizing Looks and Roots
Use a hand shovel to loosen the soil around the newly dug hole. That area is exactly where the roots will first reach out into the native soil, so providing easy access for hard working roots can make a big impact.
Place the perennial in the hole with the best side facing the main view. Simultaneously use your fingers to gently aim the roots in many directions. The more various opportunities there are for the roots to find nutrients and water, the more likely your perennial will flourish.
Never create a new soil level. Maintain the same soil level your perennial enjoyed in the container. The easiest way to achieve this is to use the native soil now in the container to fill in the gaps between the hole you dug and the perennial. This process, referred to as back filling, eliminates air pockets and provides the roots with an optimal growing opportunity.
Amply Water Now, Then Regularly
Each of us processes being in a new home differently. Even if we move into a better home in an improved community, we still face growing pains before we settle down and get back into our routines. Plants experience a similar shock to their systems. Providing them with ideal growing conditions certainly helps, but it’s still an adjustment from being wrapped in their containers.
To help reduce transplant shock, water the perennials roots on planting day, then every day thereafter for a week particularly if it’s a hot, dry day. Water is most valuable to the root system, not the leaves. Rather than spray water from overhead, place it directly on the ground, watering the entire root system.
One simple watering solution is to add a terracotta or clay water dispenser topped off with a bottle of water.
Terracotta is a slow release material, providing the roots with small amounts of water regularly.
Mulch For More Than Just Appearances
Maintaining a weed free, moisture rich garden bed is only easy when preventative steps are taken. An incredibly effective tool at your disposal is the addition of organic mulch, in particular Sweet Peet. After watering add a 3 inch layer of mulch around perennials.
Adding mulch is akin to wrapping a baby in a warm blanket to help it calm down and enjoy it’s new surroundings. Coddle your perennials on planting day and they will reward you with more robust blooms that appear sooner.
Organic mulch will leech nutrients into the soil over the course of a year and ultimately completely decompose. Each spring and fall it’s important to add new mulch, ensuring the benefits are continued.
An attractive alternative to mulching is to add groundcovers to your garden beds. They provide the same benefits; they suppress weeds, maintain moisture and look great, all without the continued costs associated with mulch.
Set Friendly Reminders
Your perennials are finally planted with the promise of blooms now in your future. Capture the moment with a photo and a calendar reminder. Add a reminder in fall to cutback and fertilize. Right now is an ideal time to set that reminder to an annual frequency, helping you to care for them for many years to come.
Add another reminder to add fertilizer in each year’s early spring (late April/early May) to help provide much needed nutrients during growth spurts.
Perennials spend their first year in the ground developing roots. The second year they develop a more sophisticated branching system. The third year the big payoff begins. Robust, long lasting blooms.
Remember to relax in, and fully enjoy, your garden. Surround yourself with the fruits of your labor often and you will likely feel refreshed, inspired and grateful you initially picked up the shovel.